Christopher Columbus - Voyages, Facts & Legacy - HISTORY


christopher columbus article

Christopher Columbus - Christopher Columbus - The first voyage: The ships for the first voyage—the Niña, Pinta, and Santa María—were fitted out at Palos, on the Tinto River in Spain. Oct 08,  · When Christopher Columbus does come up in the media or the classroom, he is usually simply bashed or praised, depending on the viewpoint of . Christopher Columbus is the explorer who is credited for discovering America. Of course, there were already people living in America at the time who we call Native Americans. There even was a European, Leif Ericsson, who had been to the Americas before. However, it was Columbus' voyage that started the exploration and colonization of the Americas.

Christopher Columbus - Voyages, Nationality & Facts - Biography

However, he died a disappointed man. Columbus sailed in search of a route to Cathay China and India to bring back gold and spices that were highly sought in Europe. Columbus made four transatlantic voyages: —93, —96, christopher columbus article, —, and — He traveled primarily to the Caribbean, including the Bahamas christopher columbus article, CubaSanto Domingoand Jamaicaand in his latter two voyages traveled to the coasts of eastern Central America and northern South America.

Some people say Columbus discovered America or the "New World," but Vikings such as Leif Eriksson had visited North America centuries earlier, and Native American tribes had lived in the Americas for centuries before either Columbus or the Vikings arrived. Numerous books about Columbus appeared in the s, and the insights of archaeologists and anthropologists began to complement those of sailors and historians.

This effort gave rise to considerable debate. There was also a major shift in approach and interpretation; the older pro-European understanding gave way to one shaped from the perspective of the inhabitants of the Americas themselves, christopher columbus article.

The more recent perspective, however, has concentrated on the destructive side of the European conquest, emphasizing, for example, christopher columbus article disastrous impact of the slave trade and the ravages of imported disease on the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean region and the American continents.

The sense of triumph has diminished accordingly, and christopher columbus article view of Columbus as hero has now been replaced, for many, by one of a man deeply flawed. Political activists of all kinds have intervened in the debate, further hindering the reconciliation of these disparate views. Columbus was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a Genoese wool worker and merchant, and Susanna Fontanarossa, his wife. His career as a seaman began effectively in the Portuguese merchant marine.

After surviving a shipwreck off Cape Saint Vincent at the southwestern point of Portugal inchristopher columbus article, he based himself in Lisbontogether with his brother Bartholomew.

Both were employed as chart makers, but Columbus was principally a seagoing entrepreneur. In he sailed to Iceland and Ireland with the merchant marine, and in he was buying sugar in Madeira as an agent for the Genoese firm of Centurioni.

In he met and married Felipa Perestrello e Moniz, a member of an impoverished noble Christopher columbus article family, christopher columbus article. Their son, Diegowas born in Some conspiracy theorists have alleged that Columbus made a secret pact with the monarch, but there is no evidence of this.

After at least two rejections, he at last obtained royal support in January A direct assault eastward could prove difficult, because the Ottoman Empire and other Islamic states in the region had been gaining strength at a pace that was threatening the Christian monarchies themselves.

The Islamic powers had effectively closed the land routes to the East and made the sea route south from the Red Sea extremely hard to access, christopher columbus article. In the letter that prefaces his journal of the first voyage, the admiral vividly evokes his own hopes and binds christopher columbus article all together with the conquest of the infidel, the victory of Christianity, and the westward route to discovery and Christian alliance:.

Thus a great number of interests were involved in this adventure, which was, in essence, the attempt to find a route to the rich land of Cathay Chinato Indiaand to the fabled gold and spice islands of the East by sailing westward over what was presumed to be open sea. Columbus christopher columbus article clearly hoped to rise from his humble beginnings in this way, to accumulate riches for his family, and to join the ranks of the nobility of Spain.

In a similar manner, but at a more exalted level, the Catholic Monarchs hoped that such an enterprise would gain them greater status among the monarchies of Europe, especially against their main rival, Portugal. Then, in alliance with the papacy in this case, with the Borgia pope Alexander VI [—]they might hope to take the lead in the Christian war against the infidel. At a more elevated level still, Franciscan brethren were preparing for the christopher columbus article end of the world, as they believed was prophesied in the Revelation to John.

According to that eschatological vision, Christendom would recapture Jerusalem and install a Christian emperor in the Holy Land as a precondition for the coming and defeat of Antichristthe Christian conversion of the whole human raceand the Last Judgment.

The emperor of Cathay—whom Europeans referred to as the Great Khan of the Golden Horde —was himself held to be interested in Christianity, christopher columbus article, and Columbus carefully carried a letter of friendship addressed to him by the Spanish monarchs. It would never do to allow the Portuguese to find the sea route first. Christopher Columbus. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback, christopher columbus article.

Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Valerie I, christopher columbus article. Top Questions. Christopher Columbus was a navigator who explored the Americas under the flag of Spain.

Christopher columbus article people think of him as the "discoverer" of America, but this is not strictly true. His voyages across the Atlantic paved the way for European colonization and exploitation of the Americas.

Read more below: Legacy. Western colonialism. European exploration. Read more below: Life: Early career and preparation for the first voyage.

Read more below: Life: The first voyage. European exploration: The Age of Discovery. Leif Erikson. Columbus's journeys to the Americas opened the way for European countries to colonize and exploit those lands and their peoples.

Trade was soon established between Europe and the Americas, christopher columbus article. Plants native to the Americas such as potatoes, tomatoes, and tobacco were imported to Europe. This trade route christopher columbus article paved the way for the slave trade between Europe, Africa, christopher columbus article, and the Americas, christopher columbus article.

Explorers and settlers brought with them diseases that had a devastating effect on Native American populations. Many native peoples perished or were driven from their homes by colonizers.

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Christopher Columbus | Biography, Voyages, & Facts |


christopher columbus article


Jul 17,  · Christopher Columbus The Age of Discovery. During the 15th and 16th centuries, leaders of several European nations Christopher Columbus: Early Life. Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, The First Voyage. At the end of the 15th century, it . Aug 22,  · Christopher Columbus, a Philadelphia mayor, even a state song are targets of activists who some Democrats say can be used to caricature the left. The letter was taken from a library in Florence, and eventually ended up as a donation to the Library of Congress. Oct 08,  · When Christopher Columbus does come up in the media or the classroom, he is usually simply bashed or praised, depending on the viewpoint of .